Resources that Informed Our Work

Our 20 Skills that Make STEM Click were identified by looking through existing research and resources, as well as by asking frontline facilitators, trainers, and coaches what skills they needed help supporting. Below you will find the resources we used when developing the 20 Skills that Make STEM Click.

National Science Standards

Next Generation Science Standards

National Research Council. (2012). A Framework for k-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts and Core Ideas. Committee on Conceptual Framework for the New K-12 Science Education Standards; National Research Council. Washington D.C: The National Academies Press.

National Science Foundation

Friedman, A. (Ed.). (March 12, 2008). Framework for Evaluating Impacts of Informal Science Education Projects [On-line].

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Afterschool Program & System Assessment Tools

Change the Equation

Visit Change the Equation

Dimensions of Success

Noam G.G. & Papazian, A. (2010). Assessment of STEM Quality Program in Out-of-School Time: Introduction to the Harvard Dimensions of Success (DOS) Observation Tool. Session at the Second National Conference in Science & Technology in Out-of-School Time, Los Angeles, CA.

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STEM Supplement to the Youth PQA

Visit STEM Supplement to the Youth PQA


Research on Informal Science Learning

4-H Science Smart Competency Training Guide

L. Rothenburger, J. Walahoski, K. Astroth, S.W. Frerichs and P. Garza. (2011). 4-H Science Smart Competency Training Guide. National 4-H Council.

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Education Development Center

Guide to Professional Development for Out-of-School Science Activity Leaders

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Learning Science in Informal Environments

National Research Council. (2009). Learning Science in Informal Environments: People, Places, and Pursuits. Committee on Learning Science in Informal Environments. P. Bell, B. Lewenstein, A.W. Shouse, M.A. Feder (Eds.) Board on Science Education, Center for Education. Division of Behavioral and Social Science and Education. Washington DC: The National Academies Press.

Museums Afterschool: Principles, Data, and Design

Research from Exploratorium